I. Potential Injuries at the Workplace.
The workers can get an injury, while working and disregard safety requirements.
For industrial workers mechanical injuries (bruises, fractures, sprains, wounds) and electrical (burns, eye damage, electrical shock) are typical.
Injuries often occur during rough handling tools and accessories for material handling, use of defective tool from jumping with a hammer handle, falling heavy tool, its slipping from the hand, falling items or pieces of installations because of unstable. Body injuries are also possible in the fall when traveling over rough or slippery surfaces.
Fractures of fingers of hands and feet may occur in the event of a fall from a height of heavy items (blanks, parts, tools). The most severe fractures (hip, forearm, collarbone, spine, and skull) occur when people fall from height, while transport accidents.
The most frequently the body, mainly he hands are injured by using the faulty equipment of machine tools (metal burrs on the edge of stamps and stamped products), metal parts with sharp edges (sheet steel, etc.), cutting tools with manual processing of materials etc.
Especially dangerous is the eye injury as a result of foreign bodies in the cornea and conjunctiva, traumatic erosion, cuts and abrasions on the skin of the eyelids and other mechanical eye injuries that most often occur in industries where solids are processed by cutting, chopping, grinding, crushing when coal, slag, glass, for sharpening tools without the use of protective eyewear.
A special kind of mechanical injury is related to the skin of hands. It is possible with manual winding insulating of electrical machinery materials containing fiberglass. This gives rise to a form of the disease such as dermatitis.
II. Burns at the Workplace
“Burns are injuries to tissues causedd by heat, friction, electricity, radiation, or chemicals.”(The Free Dictionary by Farlex 2012)
Burns can be chemical and thermal. Chemical burns to the hands and face (less often – other parts of the body) can be caused by the rough handling reactive chemicals – acid and alkali solutions by splashing them during the transfusion, movement or damage to the vessel. Burns are very painful and require urgent medical care. Especially dangerous are the eye burns if splashed corrosive liquids. Burns are caused by some synthetic chemicals – solvents, epoxy curing agents, etc.
Thermal burns are most common in industries related to the melting and casting of metals, welding and brazing, heat treatment of metals. Burn hazard occurs during heating and transfusion insulating varnishes and compounds, cable, mastics, and in the manufacture of products made of molten glass during firing porcelain and other ceramic materials.